Tools for Echocardiographic Calculations

Muhamed Saric, MD, PhD
New York University

Exercise Protocols


To provide a comparison between various exercise protocols. Note that the modified Bruce simply extends the standard Bruce protocol at the lower end of exercise while the Naughton protocol by default starts at low exercise level.

Exercise Protocols




Bruce RA, Blackmon JR, Jones JW, Strait G. Exercising testing in adult normal subjects and cardiac patients. Pediatrics. 1963 Oct;32:Suppl 742-56.

Patterson JA, Naughton J, Pietras RJ, Gunnar RM. Treadmill exercise in assessment of the functional capacity of patients with cardiac disease. Am J Cardiol 1972; 30:757.