Aorta vs Esophagus

Tools for Echocardiographic Calculations

Muhamed Saric, MD, PhD
New York University



This section provides the basics of TEE imaging.


Useful Links

bulletAn excellent TEE handout prepared by Dr. Ricardo Benenstein of NYU:

Benenstein: Basic TEE Protocol

bulletA very nice interactive TEE simulator can be found at:

Department of Anesthesia, Toronto General Hospital


Safety of TEE

Hilberath JN, Oakes DA, Shernan SK, Bulwer BE, D'Ambra MN, Eltzschig HK. Safety of transesophageal echocardiography. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2010 Nov;23(11):1115-27; quiz 1220-1.

Bavalia, N., Anis, A., Benz, M., Maldjian, P.D, Bolanowski, P.J., and Saric, M. (2011) Esophageal perforation, the most feared complication of TEE: Early recognition by multimodality imaging. Echocardiography. 2011 Mar;28(3):E56-9.


Oropharyngeal anatomy including piriform sinuses

Original video posted at http://youtu.be/VRAU33_s4ec